SA needs to tighten laws and policies protecting whistle-blowers, Ramaphosa admits after Babita Deokaran’s killing

President Cyril Ramaphosa says the government needs to review its approach to protecting whistle-blowers.
President Cyril Ramaphosa says the government needs to review its approach to protecting whistle-blowers.
Image: Filip Singer - Pool/Getty Images

President Cyril Ramaphosa says the fight against corruption has gained momentum since the state capture inquiry started its work.   

For this reason, the government needs to urgently review its current approach to the broader protection of whistle-blowers by tightening existing laws and policies. 

The president made these remarks on Monday in his weekly newsletter following the fatal shooting of Babita Deokaran, a senior finance official in the Gauteng health department.  

Deokaran was a long-time whistle-blower who had exposed alleged irregularity and corruption in the department. She had been a key witness in the Special Investigating Unit (SIU) probe into fraudulent Covid-19 personal protective equipment contracts. 

“Regardless of the circumstances behind this tragedy, Ms Deokaran was a hero and a patriot. As are the legions of whistle-blowers who, at great risk to themselves, help to unearth misdeeds, maladministration, cronyism and theft.

“Without their brave and principled interventions we would be unable to unmask those committing corruption,” he said.

Questions have been raised around the protection of key witnesses following Deokaran’s murder.

Ramaphosa admitted that while options were available, more needed to be done. 

“In South Africa there is extensive legislative protection for whistle-blowers, including through the Protected Disclosures Act, Labour Relations Act, Companies Act, Protection against Harassment Act and the constitution itself.

“In addition, the department of justice and correctional services, working with other law enforcement agencies, administers the Office of Witness Protection to provide support to vulnerable and intimidated witnesses in judicial proceedings.”

Ramaphosa emphasised that witness protection was voluntary, and neither the police nor the National Prosecuting Authority (NPA) could compel a witness to do so. In the event when a witness received threats or felt unsafe, they were urged to inform investigators and apply for admission to the programme.  

“It is clear that as the fight against corruption gathers momentum, we need to urgently review our current approach not only to witness protection, but also to the broader protection of whistle-blowers,” he said. 

“We need to tighten up existing systems and provide greater support to those who publicly come forward with information. As a society, we need to identify where existing laws and policies are inadequate in protecting the livelihoods, reputations and safety of whistle-blowers, and work together to address these.” 

The president also used his weekly newsletter to highlight the plight of whistle-blowers in the private sector whose actions receive less attention, but are equally important. 

“Whistle-blowers are important guardians of our democracy. They raise the alarm against unethical acts and practices in government and organisations. They speak out in good faith and with a reasonable expectation not only that action will be taken on their disclosures, but they will be protected and not suffer victimisation or prejudice.”  

Whistle-blowers like Deokaran could not be let down when they exposed corruption under the harshest glares, Ramaphosa said.

“We cannot let them down. We must, and we will, ensure their disclosures result in prosecutions and do much more to ensure they are protected from harm.

“As South Africans, we want to send a strong a message that we will not be intimidated. Those behind the killings of witnesses and whistle-blowers will be arrested and face the might of the law, as will all who are found guilty of the very corruption these assassins are trying to cover up.” 


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