Open letter to South Africa’s students‚ universities and government‚ represented by Minister in the .
The Institute for Highway Safety of the US rates vehicles as good, acceptable, marginal or poor.
The evaluation is based on performance in high-speed front and side crash tests and seat-head restraints for protection against neck injuries in rear impacts.
The first requirement for a vehicle to become a top safety pick is to earn good ratings in all three institute tests.
Another requirement is that winning vehicles should offer electronic stability control (ESC). This requirement is based on institute research indicating that ESC significantly reduces crash risk, especially the risk of fatal single-vehicle crashes, by helping drivers maintain control during emergency manoeuvres.
Crashworthiness refers to how well a vehicle protects its occupants in a crash. Frontal-offset crash tests at 60km are good assessments of a vehicle's structural design
Side-impact crash tests are good assessments of occupant protection when vehicles are struck in the side by SUVs or pick-ups
When side airbags are optional, the institute tests without the option and will conduct a second test with the optional airbags if a manufacturer requests it. - Insurance Institute for Highway Safety