New Joburg mayor faces uphill battle
The City of Johannesburg has a new mayor. Geoff Makhubo was elected mayor yesterday, surprisingly during the first round of voting.
It had been expected that the three-way contest, which saw the ANC's Makhubo run against a DA candidate and another one from the EFF, would take at least two rounds of voting to produce a winner.
But after three DA councilors decided to throw their lot in with the ANC and a number of smaller parties who backed Makhubo, the ANC managed to get more than the 136 votes it needed to win the race.
Despite this outright majority, there is now uncertainty as to whether Makhubo would be able to smoothly run the municipality, given that he may not be able to pass budgets.
While the smaller parties that backed Makhubo are likely to support the ANC in all major votes in council, the party will not be able to get past the 50% plus one threshold of votes if the DA replaces the three councillors who broke from its ranks.
This means that Makhubo is going to need the EFF's 30 councillors to vote with the ANC if he is to have his budgets passed.
But the EFF says it is not willing to support the ANC in such votes as it remains opposed to Makhubo's election. The party would have preferred a different ANC candidate to be elected.
If Makhubo's council is unable to pass budgets, the city will grind to a halt - forcing intervention from the provincial government. The potential crisis, as well as the fact that Joburg finds itself electing a new mayor right in the middle of the council's tenure, are indicative of the problems besetting coalition governments in the country.
With political pundits predicting that in the near future no single political party would be popular enough to be able to form a government on its own, coalitions are being touted as South Africa's future. However, the short-termism that often accompanies the negotiations over who would take what position often leaves governments, especially at local level, weak and unstable.
For the sake of the country's success, political parties should strive for long-term relationships where coalitions are determined not by convenience, but by shared goals.
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