The thrust, however, is about football and changes in political violence from the situation in the 1980s to the dawn of democracy and shortly after. Here both politicians and spectators were perpetrators and victims of violence.
In the 1970s to 80s, top-flight local football games used to be tense among fans and violence would erupt at the slightest of provocations. That this pattern changed is something worth noting, and it is a feature largely observed with the onset of democracy.
It is now conceivable that adversarial fans can sit on the same stand... violence between clubs has almost disappeared. So has violence between political parties in that period subsided.
What has been prominent in the recent past has been intra-party unease and intra-club disquiet. For soccer clubs the violence is often directed at the coach and or the players or at stadium property.
In politics, especially in the ruling party, killings have been inflicted among members. Such internecine killings have also taken place within opposition parties.