Is it Covid-19 or typhoid fever?
According to the NICD, typhoid may have similar symptoms to Covid-19 and the regular cough, cold and flu. These include a fever, coughing, tiredness and headaches; and occasionally a sore throat or diarrhoea.
Covid-19 symptoms may evolve to difficulties in breathing and chest pains.
People who have typhoid fever will usually have a sustained fever (one that doesn’t come and go) that can be as high as 39—40°C.
They may also experience weakness, stomach pain, headache, diarrhoea or constipation, cough, vomiting or loss of appetite
Some people with typhoid fever develop a rash of flat, rose-coloured spots.
It is important to see a doctor or health professional if you develop any of these symptoms.
“Typhoid fever is a systemic illness caused by a bacterial infection with Salmonella enterica or serotypes Paratyphi A, B or C.
“In the pre-antibiotic era, typhoid carried a mortality of 5-20%. However, there are effective antibiotics for treatment. In SA, typhoid is a notifiable condition as it has outbreak potential,” said the NICD.