Business groups had warned that the lending freeze would hurt commerce and worsen Zimbabwe’s economic crisis. Last week, SA’s Tongaat Hulett suspended prepayments to sugar cane farmers, saying it relied on bank loans to fund the payments.
“We said [the lending freeze] was temporary. We have lived true to our word,” government spokesperson Nick Mangwana said on Twitter.
Zimbabwe reintroduced its currency in 2019, a decade after abandoning it in favour of foreign currencies, mainly the US dollar. Since its return, the local currency’s value has declined from about 2.5 to the US dollar in 2019 to 285 against the greenback on the interbank market.
It trades much weaker, at about 400 to the US dollar on a thriving black market.
The lending freeze did slow the Zimbabwean dollar’s slide on the black market, though it had little impact on the official rate.
Zimbabwe, which experienced 500-billion percent hyperinflation in 2008, is now experiencing another episode of high inflation, with year-on-year inflation rising to 96.4% in April from 72.7% in March, driven by the rapid devaluation of its currency.