Revolution must continue

MANY African countries gained independence from their colonial masters in the 1960s. Ghana became independent in 1957.

MANY African countries gained independence from their colonial masters in the 1960s. Ghana became independent in 1957.

The Organisation of African Unity (OAU) was formed in May 1963 for mutual support and to fight against colonialism.

The OAU helped liberation movements in Angola, Mozambique and Zimbabwe.

In July 2002 the OAU became the African Union (AU) and styled itself after the European Union.

What do African countries have to show for half a century of independence? Nothing. What does South Africa have to show for almost two decades of independence? Nothing.

The reasons why Africa's economic and political destiny appears to be on a precipice can be found in Frantz Fanon's The Wretched of the Earth written around 1952 and Cheikh Anta Diop's 1977 interview with Afriscope magazine.

In 1948 Diop had written an essay, When Do We Speak of An African Renaissance, in which he argued Africa was poised for a renaissance. At about the same time Mangaliso Robert Sobukwe spoke of the rejuvenation of Africa.

In 1937 Nmamdi Azikiwe of Nigeria spoke about the concept of Africa's rebirth. In 1905 Pixley Ka Seme spoke of the regeneration of Africa. It was the early Pan Africanists of the 19th century who first spoke about the concept of Africa's rebirth.

Former presidents Nelson Mandela in 1994 and Thabo Mbeki in 1999 just rehashed the idea.

People cannot speak of an African renaissance when they have negotiated our birthright away, sold our country to international capitalist bailiffs and turned the masses into slaves.

Former Botswana opposition leadert Kenneth Koma was spot on when, in the late 1960's. he wrote that Africa needed the second phase of the revolution.

Sam Ditshego, Kagiso

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