The World Bank has issued the world's first wildlife conservation bond, raising $150m (about R2.22bn) to help efforts to increase the endangered black rhino population in SA, the bank said in a statement on Thursday.
The five-year “rhino bond” issued on Wednesday will pay investors returns based on the rate of growth of black rhino populations at the Addo Elephant National Park and the Great Fish River Nature Reserve, the bank said.
After five years, investors would get a return of between 3.7% and 9.2% if the population increases. They would get no return if there is no change in the black rhino population, it added.
Black rhinos are two-horned species of the endangered rhino family and are found only in Africa. Between the 1970s and 1990s, their population fell by 96% to below 2,500 due to poaching to meet demand for their horns in China and the Middle East, according to Save The Rhino International, a London-based non-profit organisation.
Later, large-scale conservation efforts were taken up which led to their increase to between 5,000 and 5,500, according to Save The Rhino's website.
SA accounts for about half of the total black rhino population on the continent, World Wildlife Fund (WWF), a global non-governmental organisation says.
“The pay-for-success financial structure protects an endangered species and strengthens SA's conservation efforts by leveraging the World Bank's infrastructure and track record in capital markets,” World Bank Group president David Malpass said in the statement.