Twenty-eight female guards were unfairly dismissed by a security company because the client‚ Metrora.
STRICTER border control will not reduce the number of people who enter South Africa illegally but could increase the prevalence of more illicit and exploitative means such as smuggling, a report has warned.
The report was released by Wits University's Forced Migrations Studies Programme (FMSP) and studied human smuggling on the South Africa-Zimbabwe border.
FMSP researcher Tara Polzer says the border is the favoured point of entry into South Africa for not only Zimbabweans but also migrants from othercountries.
The report defines human smuggling as a "commercial transaction between a smuggler and a smuggled person, enabling the client to cross a border" and cited it as a common way to evade strict control measures.
Though "heavy policing" at the border has led to arrests and deportations, it has also created "opportunities for some individuals within the migration control structure to engage in corrupt practices", says the report.
"It seems that perceptions of strict immigration controls encourage the practice of smuggling."
Smugglers use "fraud, force and coercion" and often collude with corrupt South African police, Department of Home Affairs and South African National Defence Forceofficials.
The report says "undetected migration" is not only harder to manage but made the population more vulnerable.
Polzer commended the granting of a 90-day visitor's permits to Zimbabweans as a "positive step" towards the management of migratory patterns in the country.