The African National Congress is starting its “dispute resolution process” in a bid to address the a.
NAIROBI - Land clashes in Kenya's fertile Rift Valley highlands have resulted in the deaths of 16 people, uprooted hundreds and fuelled fears of a bloody campaign ahead of the December 27 election, police have said.
About 14 million Kenyans are eligible to vote in presidential and parliamentary elections in East Africa's biggest economy, but many are braced for violent skirmishes in a race shaping up to be Kenya's closest ever.
"In Kuresoi, Molo area, police records indicate that 16 people have been killed, 67 houses burnt and about 287 families have been displaced," police spokesman Eric Kiraithe said.
Police have arrested 102 suspects, of whom 60 have been charged and the others questioned and released, he said.
Kenya Red Cross Society secretary general Abbas Gullet urged political leaders to "bring down the temperature" to avoid further violence.
"There are 16000 (displaced people) that we have so far counted in the last two days. This is nothing new, we have seen this over the last four general elections," Gullet said.
Kenya's President Mwai Kibaki is seeking a second five-year term in office, and recent opinion polls have him running neck and neck with his main challenger, Raila Odinga.
With less than four weeks to go, campaigns have reached fever-pitch and party primaries last month were marred by fighting as crowds set ballot boxes on fire and stoned party officials.
Last month, weapons including clubs, machetes, bows and arrows were found in a government vehicle belonging to an assistant minister.
"Generally, the law and order in the country has been comparatively calm. Although a few incidents have been reported, the electioneering process has taken off well," Kiraithe said.
He warned politicians against fanning tribal animosities. "If you as a politician have been aiding or abetting these clashes in any way, we are certainly going to catch up with you."
Kiraithe said police were investigating the murder of a parliamentary aspirant from western Kenya who was shot and killed in the capital Nairobi on Sunday.
He said they were treating the incident as murder, but warned against speculation that it was politically motivated.
In the Mount Elgon region where hundreds of people have died in fighting over land, Kiraithe said police were recruiting locals to serve as reserve officers to stop militia attacks.
The Red Cross on Wednesday appealed for 156 million Kenya shillings (about R17 million) to help what it estimated were at least 45000 displaced people. - Reuters