NAIROBI - The attacks that have rocked Mogadishu have been led by a mishmash of rebel groups, all targeting Somali and Ethiopian troops, but for different reasons, observers say.
Somalia is dealing with "a complex insurgency against the transitional federal government and the Ethiopian army," says Ken Menkhaus, a political science professor in the US.
The resistance is coming from "affiliated groups, including Islamists, clan militias and warlords," he said, insisting the groups "have nothing in common except a shared desire to drive Ethiopia out of Mogadishu and prevent the transitional force from exercising authority." Somalia has been wracked by factional bloodshed since the 1991 ousting of dictator Mohamed Siad Barre triggered a deadly power struggle that has scuppered more than 14 peace-making attempts.
In the three months since Ethiopian-Somali troops ousted an Islamist movement, thousands of people have fled and about 100 have died. - Sapa