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Ramphele announces political platform

By Sapa | Feb 18, 2013 | COMMENTS [ 238 ]

Author, activist and businesswoman Mamphela Ramphele launched a "party political platform" in Johannesburg on Monday.

"Today, I announce that I am working with a group of fellow citizens to form a party political platform that will focus on rekindling hope that building the country of our dreams is possible in our lifetime," she said at the old Women's Gaol in Braamfontein.

"We launch this initiative under the name Agang, or in the Nguni languages of our country, Akhani, which can be interpreted in English as 'Build South Africa'," she said in a speech.

The Limpopo-born Ramphele, who began her career as a qualified doctor and whose academic career has focused on studies of social conditions, said: "The country of our dreams has unfortunately faded for many of my fellow South Africans.

"... The dream has faded for the many living in poverty and destitution in our increasingly unequal society, and perhaps worst of all, my generation has to confess to the young people of our country: we have failed you," said Ramphele, who wore a black and white traditional outfit.

Describing herself as "no messiah", the former head of the World Bank, and member of the boards of several top companies, said the decision to enter party politics had not come easily.

Ramphele, who was once a partner of murdered Black Consciousness leader Steve Biko, said she had never been a member of a political party nor had she aspired to political office.

"I, however, feel called to lead the efforts of many South Africans who increasingly fear that we are missing too many opportunities to become that which we have the potential to become -- a great society."

She had travelled and listened to people and felt that: "The great society to which we committed ourselves following our relatively peaceful political transition is rapidly unravelling before our eyes."

The impressive achievements of the past 18 years were being "undermined by poor governance" at all levels of society.

"An unchecked culture of impunity and the abuse of power as well as public resources rob children, young people, rural and urban poor people of the fruits of freedom," said Ramphele.

"Corruption, nepotism and patronage have become the hallmarks of the conduct of many in public service.

"Corruption is theft. It steals textbooks from our school children. It steals drugs from sick people. It steals social grants from old people and poor children. It robs citizens of hope and destroys dreams," she said.

"This party political platform will declare war on corruption. It will work with all those in civil society as well as individual citizens and dedicated public servants who share our concerns to fight this scourge."

Speculation has been rife that Ramphele would form her own party. It was reported last year that she had turned down an invitation to join the Democratic Alliance.

Since last year she has resigned from her places on various boards, including those of the Anglo American Corporation and Gold Fields.



Born: 28 December 1947, Bochum District, Northern Transvaal (now Limpopo ), South Africa

In summary: Member of SASO, BPC and BCP, medical doctor, academic, anthropologist, Vice Chancellor of UCT, Managing Director at the World Bank, Director of Companies, Business woman

Mamphela Ramphele was born on 28 December 1947 in Bochum District, Northern Transvaal (now Limpopo). Her mother, Rangoato Rahab, and her father, Pitsi Eliphaz Ramphele were primary school teachers. In 1944, her father was promoted as headmaster of Stephanus Hofmeyer School. Ramphele contracted severe whooping cough at the age of three months. The wife of the local reverend, Dominee Lukas van der Merwe, gave her mother medical advice and bought medicines for the sick child that saved her life.

In 1955, Ramphele witnessed a conflict between a racist Dominee (Reverend) and the people of the village of Kranspoort that also contributed to her political awakening. The dispute centred on whether the mother of a villager could be buried in the mission graveyard.  The Dominee refused to allow the burial since he considered the woman to be a heathen who had not converted to Christianity.  In defiance, local villagers took control of the church grounds and buried the woman.  In revenge, the furious Dominee enlisted the police and banished all of the villagers who were involved in the burial and those known to be sympathetic to their cause. Two thirds of the villagers were cast out, losing their property in their rush to escape the violent police. It was her first direct experience of Blacks’ defiance to the apartheid system.

Ramphele’s political awakening came at a very young age. Her sister Mashadi was expelled from high school after she demonstrated against the celebrations of South Africa’s becoming a Republic in 1961. Ramphele also remembers her parents discussing the detention of her uncle under the 90-day detention clause.

She attended the G. H. Frantz Secondary School but in January 1962 she left for Bethesda Normal School, a boarding school which was part of the Bethesda teachers training college. In 1964, she moved to Setotolwane High School for her matriculation where she was one of only two girls in her class.

 On completion of her schooling in 1966, in 1967, Mamphela enrolled for pre-medical courses at the University of the North. In 1968, she was accepted into the University of Natal’s Medical School, then the only institution that allowed Black students to enrol without prior permission from the government. Her meagre financial resources meant that she was forced to borrow money to travel to the Natal Medical School (now the Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela Medical School).

Ramphele won the 1968 South African Jewish Women’s Association Scholarship and the Sir Ernest Oppenheimer Bursary worth about R150 annually for the rest of her years at Medical School. This helped finance her studies at medical school

She worked with the South African Students Association (SASO), a breakaway from the National Union of South African Students (NUSAS) that operated on English speaking white campuses. NUSAS had Black and White students as members. SASO was formed in 1969, under the leadership of Steve Biko, with whom she later had a child.

From 1970 onwards, Ramphele became increasingly drawn into political activism with Biko, Barney Pityanaand other student activists at the Medical School. She was elected the Chairperson of the local SASO branch. Between managing a hectic schedule of political activism and her studies, Ramphele qualified as a doctor in 1972. She began her medical internship at Durban’s King Edward VIII Hospital and later transferred to Livingstone Hospital in Port Elizabeth.

In 1974, Ramphele was charged under the Suppression of Communism Act for being in possession of banned literature. In 1975, she founded the Zanempilo Community Health Centre in Zinyoka, a village outside King William’s Town. It was one of the first primary health care initiatives outside the public sector in South Africa. During this time, she was also the manager of the Eastern Cape branch of the Black Community Health Programme. She travelled extensively in the Eastern Cape organising people to be drawn into community projects. In addition to her medical duties, Ramphele also became the Director of the Black Community Programmes (BCP) in the Eastern Cape when Biko was banned.  In August 1976, Ramphele was detained under section 10 of the Terrorism Act, one of the first persons to be detained under this newly promulgated law.

In April 1977, Ramphele was issued with banning orders and banished to Tzaneen, Northern Transvaal (now Limpopo), a place she was unfamiliar with.  Alone in a strange place, she turned to the church for help. A Father Mooney arranged for her to live with two African nuns at a place called Tickeyline, a village of poor people. She later set up home in Lenyenye Township in Tzaneen where she was under constant security police surveillance. She continued her work with the rural poor, and formed the Isutheng Community Health Programme with money from the BCP. Here she set about empowering women, encouraging them to establish vegetable gardens among other initiatives.

 A Father Duane became a close friend, risking arrest by taking her on trips to escape the boredom a banned person experiences. Helen Suzman, the Progressive Party MP, also visited Ramphele. She assisted her in securing a passport when Ramphele had to travel abroad. Father Timothy Stanton, an Anglican priest would visit her and celebrate Eucharist with her.

In 1983, she completed the Commerce degree, which she had registered with UNISA in 1975. She also completed a Postgraduate Diploma in Tropical Hygiene and a Diploma in Public Health at the University of Witwatersrand. For this, she had to apply for a special dispensation to travel to Johannesburg where she had to report at the John Vorster Square Police Station upon her arrival and departure.

Ramphele left Lenyenye in 1984 to go to Port Elizabeth where she was offered a job at Livingstone Hospital. However, she left to take up an appointment at the University of Cape Town (UCT) which Francis Wilson, a Professor of Economics had arranged. She was to work with him here at the South African Development Research Unit (SALDRU)) as a research fellow.

Ramphele and her two sons (by now she had a second son from her marriage to Sipo Magele) moved to a house in Gugulethu, Cape Town.   Wilson and Ramphele collaboratively, produced two publications, Children on the Frontline (1987) and Uprooting Poverty (1988) for SALDRU. Ramphele then transferred to the Department of Anthropology at UCT. Her interest in the plight of people living in the hostels led her to start a project, the Western Cape Men’s Hostel Dwellers Association (HDA). 

In 1988 Ramphele left with her sons for Harvard College, America where she was the Carnegie Distinguished international Fellow for the 1988 – 1989 academic year. Here she wrote up her research data on the hostels as a PH.D thesis entitled Empowerment and the Politics of Space which UCT accepted in 1991. A book based on the thesis, A Bed Called Home, Life in the Migrant Labour Hostels of Cape Town was published in 1993.  

In 1991, Ramphele was appointed Deputy Vice-Chancellor of UCT. In 1996 she became the first black South African woman to hold the position of Vice Chancellor at UCT and at a South African academic institution. Part of her executive job roles was to take charge of the University’s Equal Opportunity Policy Portfolio, with the aim of changing the culture of the institution.  In 1994, Ramphele was a visiting scholar at the Kennedy School of Government in the United States of America (USA).

In 2000, she joined the World Bank in Washington as one of four managing directors, responsible for human development, the first South African to hold this position at this institution. She oversaw the strategic positioning and the operations of the World Bank Institute and was the vice-presidency of external affairs.

She served as Co-Chair on the Global Commission for International Migration (GCIM) between 2004 and 2005 and served as the trustee to the Nelson Mandela Children’s Trust and the President’s Award Trust. She has also served as chairperson of the Independent Development Trust (IDT), as director of the Institute for a Democratic South Africa (IDASA) and a board member to the Anglo-American Corporation and Transnet.

Mamphela Aletta Ramphele has also been appointed director at think-tank Institute for Democracy in South Africa (IDASA)  and as a board member of Anglo-American and Transnet. In 2004, she was voted 55 of the Top 100 Great South Africans. [Taken from]

COMMENTS [ 238 ]

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all opportunists will run to her just like they did with cope, apc, patricia delile, udm, and nfp, if they are not given seats they run back where they started

Feb 18, 2013 2:55 | 0 replies

"Another Zama-zama spaza shop...." speaking of spaza shops I was amazed and amused to learn that SAn tax payers built for a spaza shop for MmaKhumalo first lady apparently part of the 205mil expenditure, hehehe you anc ppl simply have no shame

Feb 18, 2013 2:40 | 0 replies

@Dzel for an "educated" person to use words like 'care' when talking about politician just sounds sentimentalist or a bit naive, politicians don't care for anyone but themselves first, that's the nature of the beast and once in SA you guys get over this belief that politicians "care" and start holding them to their mandate the sooner they will start delivering stuff as mandated.

Jack Bloom and wife occasionally do community projects in a place called Ivory park I was intro'd to them by a woman whom I found on the sidewalk (giving her a lift), from that time I decided I was going to give collect some old clothes and other necessities to help her family as she had a small baby (grandchild) who was handicap in every-way you can think of, and a delinquent teenager who has dumped the baby on her, so I was helping them with the basics, so in the conversation it came out that she was also getting support from Jack Bloom in the project that him and his wife do to help poorer communities in Ivory Park, so I worked with them in some of the projects but unfortunately it was prior to the time I was planning to leave for Europe, so before you sit on your ivory tower and pontificate please know that some people like Jack Bloom actually do roll up their sleeves and get their hands dirty. I should also tell you that, black professionals I used to know then some were veterans (anc and pac) when I told them about the plight of the woman, trying to drum support to help at least the baby to get medical care, all they were interested in was to take me to bed they even more enthusiastic when realising that my husband was already overseas so to their small mind I was a ready for the pickings, cause they can only think using their dicks and nothing else.

And btw what is it that you need someone else to do for you personally? cause surely with your level of education you should be doing stuff for the less fortunate not be a cry baby yourself waiting for a handout?

Feb 18, 2013 2:36 | 0 replies

True that.
And this naive people still believe that DA can represent the interest of the majority of our people. This is the DA their leader believe white males are the best thing next to God and that women in general are incable of running a provincial government except Helen.

Feb 18, 2013 2:36 | 0 replies

you've made my day dr rampele, you have my vote. south africa needs brave leaders like you who can take this country foward

Feb 18, 2013 2:32 | 0 replies

Another Zama-zama spaza shop....

Feb 18, 2013 2:30 | 0 replies

Dzel - Meanwhile, we have the ANC reaping in the votes of the naive and submissive black voters.

Problem is, they are the only real alternative. But not for long...

And then the supposed "black DA" and the supposed "white DA" can form an alliance.

Feb 18, 2013 2:29 | 0 replies

MorokaLebola, so what? I also had two kids with a married man. My mother would have killed me otherwise.

Feb 18, 2013 2:27 | 0 replies

I did not say it was wrong, I was just answering TheEntrepreneur.

But do you really believe there is nothing wrong in having having kids with married men?
Its an African culture and I don't feel its wrong per se more than its normal and generally accepted now lets move this debate to the topic to hand not breeding habits of politicians cause when we do that, we will both have our hands full, considering what/who they breed with.

Feb 18, 2013 2:26 | 0 replies


For my part I respect the DA leadership, I have some issues with Helen esp the Guptasque cheque! but I have nothing but utmost respect for Jack Bloom and his wife who are both doing tremendous work for ordinary SAns

What did they do for ordinary SAns exactly, pray tell.

The DA has done absolutely zero for me. They did nothing for me pre-1994 and they have done nothing since. All they do is pretend they care so they can brag about how many black voters they have. Don't be naive, demand proper representation for your people otherwise the DA will never change cause they know they can bank on naive and submissive black voters.

Feb 18, 2013 2:24 | 0 replies

I did not say it was wrong, I was just answering TheEntrepreneur.

But do you really believe there is nothing wrong in having having kids with married men? Be honest. And ohh, I still do not get the relationship between this and first lady, whoever she is. Does that mean if the 1st lady do something, its therefore justifiable and correct to do it? I think not.

Feb 18, 2013 2:24 | 0 replies